In this tutorial, we will be learning how to install Kali Linux. The majority of us want to learn hacking but have no idea where to start. There are many other OS that hackers use like Backtrack, Parrot OS, etc but I prefer using Kali Linux because of a huge list of tools and the ease of using.
To install Kali you need to download Kali OS from here. Additional you need a USB for booting this OS into it and a Software to boot the USB. I personally suggest Etcher. It makes USB bootable in no time and supports all the major OS. I am suggesting this because it will tackle the most problems you will face if you use other Software like Rufus etc.
Now when you will have the USB loaded with the OS you should restart the Machine and enter into Boot Menu/BIOS etc to make the USB boot priority over Hard Drive Boot. If you have successfully booted the OS you will see the Kali Background image and options for Kali. Here you will need to Select Graphical Install as it is the easiest method to install.
Next, it will ask to select the desired language, you can select any language. I have selected English as English is preferred. Then it will ask for a location. You can select any location from the list. Next, it will ask for the Keyboard layout. You can select it as per your wish.
Now when you click on next it will then start mounting the USB. Here most of the users face an issue Unable to mount CD ROM error
Your installation CD-ROM couldn't be mounted. This probably means that the CD-ROM was not in the drive. If so you can insert and try again.
This could be the error most of you would face. In this case, all you need to do is manually mount the CD-ROM with the USB. Move back and open a Shell from the menu there and give a command:
It will display all the drives attached to it. You need to find USB Device in my case it is /dev/sdb1 and type is vfat. You need to run this command
mount -t vfat /dev/sdb1 /cdrom/
It always works. Another short trick is to unplug the USB while you are on Select Language Page wait for 5 seconds and then plug it again. It always worked whenever I installed the Kali.
After running the command you need to go to detect and mount the cd-rom page and now this time it will mount the files in the USB to cdrom.
These are some tricks to bypass the issue. If you face no such issue you can then ignore the above paragraph.
Next, it will move to Network Configuration. It will ask for the Interface selection. Either to use WLAN or Ethernet. You have to select it on your own. If you are on wired network select ethernet and it will configure the network for you and if you are using wifi you need to select WLAN and it will show available wifi and you need to connect to them to proceed. Later on, you will need to set up Host Name and Domain Name for your Linux
Next, it will ask to set the root password. You will need to enter a password for your root user. Next, it will ask for the Partition Disks. You can see all your disks there. This is the most Sensitive part because if you mess up with something you will lose all your data. Here you need to select the Manual Partition. You must have free space or a spare partition on the disk to install Kali.
Next click on any partition there you wish to use for Linux. You need to first delete the partition and then again create one with an ext4 format. Click the partition and there will be an option to Delete the partition. Click on it and it will delete that partition. Then you will be able to see free space on the partition menu. Click on the free space and then create a new partition, then give the amount of storage it will be using, then select it as a primary partition and you can select beginning in the menu where it will ask where the partition is to be created. Then it will show you partition detail the mount point etc when you are done with it. Here you need to select “Done setting up the partition”
Next click on “Finish partitioning and write changes to disk”, it will ask to return to the partitioning menu, you have to select No and then it will ask to write changes to disk, here you will select Yes.
Then it will format the partition and will write changes there.
It will ask for a network mirror. Select yes and leave the proxy empty. Network Mirrors are servers where the libraries and repositories are present. Different users can access them using these network mirrors.
In Last it will ask for installing the GRUB boot loader. This one is helpful if you are using Two OS. You can install the boot loader in the Other OS Boot so that you may be able to select an OS when the OS boots. Else you can save it in the default path that appears there. After the installation, it will ask to reboot. You have to reboot it and there you will see the Kali Boot loader, Select Kali from the boot loader and then it will boot you into Kali. The default username would be root and the password will be the one you typed while installing. So this is how you install kali Linux to a machine. We will be soon uploading a new blog on how to install kali Linux on Mac in VM.
Stay Tuned for more blogs.
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